From Baroque to Classical Music – An Introduction
Friday night, went to this spectacular concert of Mozart.
The next afternoon, Saturday afternoon, I walked across the street. I could have gone two blocks to watch a hockey game — they have a hockey team in Nashville — or three blocks in the other direction to watch the Titans play in the football stadium, but I went just one block to the Country Music Hall of Fame.
古典时期的音乐 与 巴洛克时期音乐的不同。
it will carry through from beginning to end of a particular movement or a particular piece. It doesn’t change, generally speaking. 【基本不变化， the same general tenor, the same general mood, the same general feeling】
We get change within a particular movement. Change might be from regular to irregular rhythm, for example, or from very loud to very quiet.
Glimpses of Mozart’s Life in Letters
欣赏：Mozart Symphony No. 25 in G Minor。
we begin minor key, lots of syncopation, agitation, and within about forty seconds Mozart has morphed into a completely different mood, a major key, oboe solo. The music is very lyrical. The meter now is — or the rhythms are all lined up to come on the beat rather than off the beat. Watch how we have this transformation of mood within a rather short period of time. 【很短的时间里，情绪由不安到舒缓】
这里，教授推荐了电影《莫扎特传》Amadeus 【码下，ToDoList 真越来越长……】
Death is the true goal of our lives and I have made myself so well acquainted with it during the past two years that I see it as the true and best friend of mankind. Indeed, the idea of it no longer holds any terror for me but rather much that is tranquil and comforting, and I thank God that he has granted me the good fortune to obtain the opportunity of regarding death as the key to our true happiness. I never retire at night without considering that, as young as I am, perhaps I may be no more on the morrow, yet not one of those who knows me could say that I am morose or melancholy, and for this I thank my creator daily and wish heartily the same happiness may be given to my fellow man. I clearly explained my way of looking at the matter on the occasion of the death of my very dear best friend, Count von Hatzfeld. He was just thirty-one like myself. I do not grieve for him but from the bottom of my heart for myself and for all who knew him as well as I.
Musical Balance and Genius in Mozart’s Compositional Sketches
What’s special about Mozart’s music? 【Mozart 音乐的独特魅力】
- this infallible sense of balance and proportion. 【balance, shaping, perfect proportion. 不多不少刚刚好】
- The capacity to make something very beautiful out of the simplest of materials.【教授以 Elvira Madigan 为例】
- wild swings of mood with Mozart
- Inexhaustible melodic supply, fecundity of imagination when it comes to melody.【永不枯竭的才思】
Mozart在《唐璜》首演后，跟 Joseph II 皇帝的对话蛮有意思的，自信得一逼：
Joseph II: Too much meat for the teeth of my Viennese, dear Mozart.
Mozart: Well, let them chew on it a while. They’ll get used to it.
Isn’t this what art is supposed to all be about? Why do we have art? What does it do for us?
It gives us a sense of something better, a vision of something better than the stupid, mundane and the vernacular crap that we have to deal with on a quotidian basis out here.
There could be something better; there’s something bigger and better out there than we are.
That, in essence, is what art is all about and sometimes you can see it and — I think you can see it, or you just seem to be getting nearer to it.
this idea of tapping into who you are, the whole who you are as a person, through getting you back in touch with your inner memories, and also perhaps giving you hope that there is something out there better than what we deal with on a daily basis.
也顺带提到了开普勒 Kepler 的一段话：
Man, the ape of his creator, has discovered the art of music so that he might play the everlastingness of all created time in some short part of an hour by means of an artistic concord of many voices and instruments, that he might to some extent taste the satisfaction of God the workman through music.
Mozart’s Don Giovanni and Conclusion
莫扎特写了三部伟大的歌剧：《费加罗的婚礼》，《唐璜》， 《魔笛》，其中《费加罗的婚礼》，《唐璜》 的脚本都是由 Lorenzo da Ponte 完成。
Lorenzo da Ponte：
随后教授邀请了Richard Lalli 教授，和一些学生一起，演了《唐璜》的部分，一头白发的教授和一个牵着狗的同校教授一起舞剑，也是很用心了。